Environmental uses of sculpture at the University of Basrah


  • Ali Abdul Amir Banai College of Fine Arts, University of Basrah, Iraq
  • Mohsen Ali Hussein College of Fine Arts, University of Basrah, Iraq




employment, environment, sculpture


The current study is concerned with highlighting the importance of sculptural work in terms of its environmental use within the spaces of the University of Basra and the aesthetic and environmental treatments it creates within those spaces. Therefore, in this thesis, the researcher sought to present proposed sculptural designs. Implemented by computer through the Blender program, which specializes in creating three-dimensional models. The study included four chapters:
Chapter One: Research Framework This chapter presents the research problem, which is summarized in the question: "How can the environmental utilization of sculptural work address the spaces of the University of Basrah?" The significance of the research is discussed, emphasizing the need to shed light on the important aspects that motivated this study. The research's objective is to develop proposed sculptural designs for environmentally addressing the University of Basrah's spaces and utilizing the environmental elements of the university environment.
Chapter Two: Theoretical Framework and Previous Studies. This chapter is divided into two sections: Section one: Concept of the Environment and Its Types, Section two: Functions of the sculptural work, and the Chapter three (research procedures): This chapter explains the research methodology and the research sample, It also covers the analysis of the research sample. Chapter four: (Results and Conclusions) This chapter presents the key findings and conclusions of the study, including: Empty spaces are creatively and environmentally utilized through artistic treatment methods using Blender software for 3D modeling, resulting in sculptural designs that reflect the social or historical characteristics of the place.


A. R. (1986). Training in Plastic Arts (Vol. 1st edition). Cairo, Egypt: Dar Al Nahda Al Arabiya.

Abdel Fattah, R. (1973). Training in Plastic Arts (Vol. 1st edition). Cairo, Egypt: Dar Al-Nahda Al-Arabiya.

Ahmed Hassan, A.-Z. (2006). Al-Mu’jam Al-Wasit. Istanbul: Dar Al-Da’wa.

Al-Ahmad, A. (2005). The Memorial and its Place in Peoples’ Civilization.

Al-Ghurairi, Q. H. (2013). The Art of Sculpture between Tradition and Modernity (Vol. 1st edition). Baghdad, Iraq: House of General Cultural Affairs.

Al-Hattab, Q. M. (2017). The Philosophy of Beauty and Art between Theory and Practice (Vol. 1st edition). Amman, Jordan: Dar Al-Bedaya Publishers and Distributors.

Alkhataat, S. I. (1990). Environmental Art. Mosul, Iraq: Dar Al-Hikma for Printing and Publishing, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific.

Alkinane, A. A. (2022). Constructivist Approach to Analysis of Sculptural Productions. Basrah Arts Journal(23), pp. 5-16.

Al-Qahtani, M. b. (2005). he Impact of the Social Environment on Da’wah, unpublished master’s thesis. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Department of Da’wah and Ihtisab, College of Da’wah and Media, Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University.

authors, A. g. (1997). The Theory of Culture. (A. S. Al-Sawy, Trans.) Kuwait: World of Knowledge Series.

B. M. (1985). Plastic Arts and How We Taste Them. (S. A.-M., & M. A.-Q., Trans.) Cairo, Egypt: Nahdet Misr Library.

Carter, J., & Finn, B. D. (1980). Sculpture at Storm King. New York: Abbeville Press INC, Publishers.

Critics, A. G. (2010). Culture and Culture in the Twentieth Century (Vol. 1st edition). Baghdad, Iraq: Dar Al-Ma’moun for Translation and Publishing.

D. I., & J. H. (2007). ociology of Art, Ways of Seeing. Kuwait: World of Knowledge Series (341).

Faleh Dahim, A. M. (2017, October). The Impact of the Environment (Economic, Social, and Cultural) on Socialization. College of Education, King Saud University.

Hussein, M. A. (2007). Functional Concepts of the Art of Sculpture - An Analytical Study. ournal of Historical Studies, a peer-reviewed scientific journal issued by the University of Basra.

I. M. (1975). Dictionary of Social Sciences. Cairo, Egypt: Egyptian General Authority.

Ismail, Q. M. (1998). Cultural Sociology and Personality Problems in Social Construction (Vol. 1st edition). Alexandria, Egypt: Mansha’at Al-Ma’arif.

Issa, I. S. (1997). Aspects of Islamic Civilization. Cairo, Egypt: Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs.

Issawi, A. R. (1997). Environmental Psychology. Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt: Al-Ma’arif Establishment.

Istitiyeh, D. M. (2014). Social and Cultural Change (Vol. 3rd edition). Amman, Jordan: Dar Wael for Publishing and Distribution.

L. M. (ed). Al-Munajjid fi Language, Literature and Science (Vol. 19th edition). Beirut, Lebanon: Catholic Press.

M. A. (2009). Contemporary Artistic Currents (Vol. 2nd edition). Beirut, Lebanon: Publications Company for Distribution and Publishing.

Mahmoud, A. (2009). Contemporary Artistic Currents (Vol. 2nd edition). Beirut, Lebanon: Publications Company for Distribution and Publishing.

Majeed, H. A., & Hussain, M. A. (2023). Sculptural proposals for the logos of the faculties of Iraqi Universities - an applied study. Basrah Arts Journal(25), pp. 111-118. doi:https://doi.org/10.59767/bfj.5300.1989

Majli Abis, M. R. (2018). Documentation in Contemporary Iraqi Sculpture. unpublished master’s thesis, College of Fine Arts. Basra, Iraq.

Obaid, C. (2005). Fine Art Criticism of Creativity and the Creativity of Criticism (Vol. 1st edition). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar Al-Fikr Al-Lubani for Printing, Publishing and Distribution.

Obaid, S. H. (2018). Systems of Global Environmental Sculptural Ceramic Forms. unpublished master’s thesis, ceramics specialty, Department of Fine Arts, College of Fine Arts. Basra, Iraq: University of Basra.

Q. H. (2017). The Technological Impact on Contemporary Fine Art in Algeria - Environmental Art as a Model. unpublished master’s thesis, specialty of studies in plastic arts, Department of Arts, Faculty of Arts and Languages, Department of Arts. Algeria.

R. H. (1978). Art, its Interpretation and its Way. (S. B., Trans.) Damascus, Syria: Publications of the Ministry of Culture and Artistic Guidance.

Rabie, A. M. (2011). Environmental Awareness (Vol. 1st edition). Amman: Arab Society Library.

Saliba, J. (1982). The Philosophical Dictionary of Arabic, French, English, and Latin Words. Beirut, Beirut: Dar Al-Kitab Al-Lubani.

Skinner , B. F. (1980). Technology of Human Behavior. (Y. Abdul Qadir, Trans.) Kuwait: Al-Anbaa Press.

W. M. (2007). Land Art A Complete Guide to Landscape, Environmental, Earthworks, Nature, Sculpture and Installation Art. United Kingdom: Crescent Moon Publishing.

Yaequb , P. (1936). Pragmatism or the Doctrine of Instruments (Vol. 1st edition). Cairo, Egypt: Press of the Authorship, Translation and Publishing Committee.

Z. I. (2004). he Problem of Art (Philosophical Problems “3”). Egypt: Misr Library, Misr Printing House.




How to Cite

Ali Abdul Amir Banai, & Mohsen Ali Hussein. (2024). Environmental uses of sculpture at the University of Basrah. Basrah Arts Journal, (28), 5–20. https://doi.org/10.59767/2024.02/28.1